KRYZHANIVSKY V. M. Materials for biographic dictionary "Research and educational staff of the Oleksandr Dovzhenko Hlukhiv National Pedagogical University in 1924–1941"
The publication reconstructs biographies, teaching and research activities of the educational staff who worked at the Oleksandr Dovzhenko Hlukhiv Pedagogical University in Soviet times.
Biography studies the particular life histories of individuals. It pays attention not only to ordinary events in the person's life, but also to his inner characteristics, the motives of actions, his psychology and mentality. When a biographer takes an explicitly psychoanalytical approach, the term „psycho-biography‟ is used. Biographies are written mainly about exceptional or special people and try to achieve a better understanding of their personality. Prosopography as a science is not interested in the personality uniqueness but in the average and the general the individuals' life histories.
The individuality and exceptionality are important only insofar as it provides information on the collective and the „normal‟. For a prosopographer, extraordinary people (such as Napoleon or Bismarck) are less attractive because they are „out of the ordinary‟. Biographies obviously study the entire personality of individuals (external and inner features), whereas prosopography emphasizes the external similarities and differences between individuals within a given population.
It should be noted that articles in the dictionary are placed in alphabetical order by surnames. Information about pedagogical workers has a unified structure, but the completeness and degree of unification of information is different. The size of each article is due to available information found in archives, museums, reference and scientific literature. If the most important facts of the teacher's life are not mentioned (year of birth and death, place of study, etc.), this means that the compiler of the dictionary could not identify them.
Each biographical study consists of a brief summary of the person's life and work, including, when it is appropriate and available, a photographic or other image, list of publications, and links. In the case of the university workers, there are quite a number of on-site links to the species named by them or named in their honor. For persons with detailed biography in the literature you'll find here only brief summaries with references to the resources. For less known individuals, you'll find more extensive information.
The proposed vocabulary serves as a kind of guideline for people who begin studying the history of our university. Scientists can use the publication to further expand the study of the history of the teaching corporation of the educational institution at the turn of the XIX – XX centuries.
Keywords: research and educational staff, institution of higher education, department, university administration, office, assistant.