MOROZOV S. O. Projects of the new European treaty in 1981–1984
1970s have become a hard time of the European Communities (EC), both economically and politically. First, the EEC could not reduce the impact of negative processes caused by the crisis in the world. Secondly, Community institutions have shown their inefficiency. Council of Ministers applied the unanimity principle in decision-making, fixed by the Luxembourg compromise of 1966. It had a negative effect. This practice was an obstacle to the implementation not only serious projects, but very often blocked any European Commission (EC) initiatives. Joint Declaration of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission of 1975 improved the interaction mechanism between the European Parliament (EP), Council and the Commission, but it was not enough. Coordination of the EEC institutions was very low. It was necessary to remove the simulated differences between the structures of European political cooperation (EPC) and the EEC for the common foreign and security policy needs. That`s why it is developed initiatives to deepen the political integration of the Communities.
The most far-sighted politicians of that time began to develop plans for strengthening the EU integration structures. Besides, the directly-elected EP in 1979 was actively included in this process. As previously formulated proposals is begin to be discussed, so and new initiatives are put forward. A varying degree of transformation was provided: from restrained in the framework of the Rome Treaties to their revision and the new European act adoption. Different political forces decided to use this opportunity and these conditions to achieve their purposes. It was more than establishing a free market and establishing a common foreign policy. German Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher was the first who spoke with the idea of moving to the European Union at Stuttgart conference on January 6-th of 1981. His speech was supported by his Italian colleague Emilio Colombo. Thus, the first reform plan was drawn up and an exit of “eurosclerosis” state was outlined.
The article studies the projects of 1981–1984, designed to give a new impetus to the integration processes in Europe and solve the association problems of that time. Particular attention is paid to the Draft European Act submitted by the Governments of the FRG and Italy (the “Genscher-Colombo Plan”); Stuttgart "Solemn Declaration on European Union"; Draft Treaty establishing the European Union (socalled “Spinelli‟s plan”). The key moments that were most important in these documents, especially in the institutional field, and how they influenced the following EU integration processes were identified.
Key words: “Genscher-Colombo Plan”, Stuttgart Declaration, Treaty on the European Union, “Spinelli‟s Plan”, the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Council.